回收

关于回收的基础知识

recycle-2回收是环保的焚烧和处置,可以拯救您的公司 - 以及明尼苏达州的州。我们可能会认为废物为“垃圾”,但废料有价值。您可能能够销售您的可回收材料而不是支付将其扔掉。

In 2010, Minnesota recycling programs collected approximately 2.5 million tons of material worth $690 million(1)。In 2010 in Minnesota, 1.2 million tons of recyclable material was thrown away that could have been recycled for an estimated value of $285 million dollars. Instead, it cost Minnesota over $200 million to throw it away into landfills(2)

Did You Know…
回收是明尼苏达州的税收免税,而固体废物是由国家征收的商业账户的17%,一些县收取额外税(例如,Ramsey County的税收53%的税收税53%)。

Further, recycling has broader economic benefits, such as job creation. Research on the U.S. labor market suggests that recycling results in ten times the jobs of waste disposal(3)。Diverting one additional ton of waste would pay $101 more in salaries and wages, produce $275 more in goods and services, and generate $135 more in sales than disposing of it in a landfill(4)。在明尼苏达州,行业直接和间接地支持大约37,000个工作岗位。这些工作估计为12.6亿美元的工资,增加了近85亿美元到明尼苏达的经济(5)

Recyclables can be reprocessed into new products, which allows us to avoid the resource-intensive process of extracting raw materials. Processing recycled materials is typically more energy efficient than virgin material production. For example, producing recycled-content aluminum saves 95% of the energy required to make aluminum from virgin sources(6)

What’s Recyclable?

Unfortunately, there’s no universal key to recycling. Most things are technically recyclable, but you may not be able to recycle a specific item in your area if there’s not a market for it. The “chasing arrows” triangle symbol doesn’t mean that an item is recyclable in your area or program. Even within a geographic area there may be variation from program to program. For example, one program might take milk cartons while another program in the same area may not. In addition, there are certain types of items that should be recycled, just not in your recycling bin – things like electronics and plastic bags. There are drop-off programs for these and other types of recyclables. Use the following resources to find outlets for specific materials:

Keys to a Successful Recycling Program

There are a number of recycling best practices that should be employed in any recycling program. We’ve grouped these into three areas: infrastructure (containers and signs), education, and evaluation, discussed in more detail below. Learn more on our Waste Assessments, Sorts, and Tools page.

Infrastructure

使回收方便的是至关重要的 - 与扔东西一样方便。如果我们不给予循环等级,我们无法期望我们的回收计划具有最大影响。为了最大限度地,您的回收计划应该:

  • 配对容器 - 每个垃圾容器都应该在它旁边有一个回收容器,反之亦然
  • Have enough recycling containers – in order to pair containers, there must be an equal number of trash and recycling containers
  • 安置 - 想想人们处置废物的地方。例如,如果人们在同一个地区没有吃和喝酒,将容器沿着自动售货机旁边的容器可能没有意义。
  • 集装箱风格 - 努力在整个设施中看起来都一样。挑选一种垃圾桶和一种颜色的颜色,用于回收垃圾箱并坚持下去。这使得人们可以使用正确的容器。
  • 标牌 - 在所有集装箱上或附近采用清晰且一致的标志。具有最小单词和彩色图像的标志是最佳的。以下网站提供免费标志和图像:
  • Collection containers – ensure that your collection dumpsters or containers are easily accessed and labeled so that maintenance or custodial staff can dispose of materials from within your facility in the appropriate places.

教育

良好的基础设施是一个开始,但教育同样重要。确保所有员工都了解您对回收的承诺,并知道如何使用回收系统 - 它可能与他们在家里的内容不同。188金宝搏无法提现在将新材料引入回收计划时,教育尤为重要。超越标牌,包括在员工会议和培训中回收教育。不要忘记新的员工 - 将回收信息整合到新的员工方向上。回收倡导者或绿色团队还可以通过示例提供提醒,回答问题和领导。

评价

提供反馈可以帮助您诊断可能的问题并激励您的员工更好地完成。定期查看垃圾箱,以确保材料在正确的容器中结束,然后向员工提供反馈。单位或地区之间的友好竞争可以帮助让人们做更多做。随着时间的推移,显示回收率的口头报告或图表也可以是励志工具。

Additional Resources

一般

Materials

公共空间回收资源和研究

学校


参考资料

  1. http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/about-mpca/mpca-news/featuredtories/demographics-of-gar agge.html.
  2. http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/about-mpca/mpca-news/featuredtories/demographics-of-gar agge.html.
  3. http://www.epa.gov/region9/newsletter/feb2011/greenjobs.html
  4. http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/Publications/Documents/Economics%5C41003013.pdf
  5. http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/about-mpca/mpca-news/current-news-releases/the-demographics-of-garbage-what-are-minnesotans-really-throwing-away.html
  6. https://archive.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/tools/localgov/web/html/index-2.html